On June 30, 2022, the Federal Employment Agency registered a new high of 188,930 in employment subject to social security contributions in Bonn. Compared with June 2021, employment figures have increased significantly by plus 3 percent or by 5,480 in absolute terms. In the same period, employment in the state of NRW grew by a more marginal 1.9 percent. The Rhein-Sieg district surrounding Bonn recorded employment growth of 1.4 percent. The analysis of all independent cities and districts in North Rhine-Westphalia shows that Bonn performs best in the Rhineland metropolitan region: By comparison, Cologne shows an increase of 2.6 percent, Düsseldorf two percent, the Aachen city region two percent and Leverkusen 1.2 percent. NRW-wide, Bonn is in fourth place. Compared to the year of the Bonn/Berlin relocation decision in 1991, when there were 134,199 employees subject to social security contributions, their number has increased significantly by 54,731 (plus 40.8 percent) due to the long-term positive growth trend in Bonn.
According to the available estimates of the working group "Erwerbstätigenrechnung des Bundes und der Länder", the number of people in employment in Bonn in 2021 is 256,400 (previous year: 254,400, plus 2,000). In addition to employees subject to social insurance contributions, the employment calculation also includes civil servants, self-employed persons, family workers and marginally employed persons. Compared to 1991, the number of employed persons in Bonn increased by 68,100 or 36.2 percent. In contrast, the number of employed persons in NRW as a whole increased by only 18.9 percent.
Services grow significantly
The number of employees subject to social security contributions in Bonn's service sector grew significantly between the years 2021 and 2022, with an increase of 5,337 employees or plus 3.1 percent. In mid-2022, 175,636 employees are working in the service sector in Bonn; this corresponds to a share of 93 percent of all employees. This makes Bonn, like Frankfurt/Main or Potsdam, one of the largest service locations in Germany. On average in NRW, a total of 74.1 percent of all employees worked in the tertiary sector in mid-2022. NRW's industrial sector accounted for approximately 25.4 percent of all employees. Compared to the previous year, the number of employees in the manufacturing sector in NRW increased slightly by plus 0.3 percent. In Bonn, manufacturing employment also increased by plus 1.1 percent (plus 140 in absolute terms). The share of the manufacturing sector in Bonn in mid-2022 is still 7 percent (previous year: 7.1 percent).
Highly qualified employees
The Federal Employment Agency uses the characteristic "academic degree" to record the degrees "Bachelor, Diplom, Magister, Master, Staatsexamen, Promotion". On June 30, 2022, the city of Bonn has an academic share of 34.3 percent of all employees. That is 64,815 employees in absolute terms (previous year: 61,173), with more women (33,457 employees) than men (31,358 employees) now registered with an academic degree. The NRW average is 17.4 percent, the national average 18.7 percent and the Rhein-Sieg district 14.5 percent. A regional comparison with the more than 400 German cities and districts shows that Bonn is in seventh place (previous year: seventh) and only Munich with 40 percent, Erlangen with 37.6 percent, Munich (district) with 36.4 percent, Jena with 35.9 percent, Darmstadt with 35.6 percent and Stuttgart with 35.2 percent can boast even higher figures. From the perspective of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, the cities of Düsseldorf (29.9 percent), Cologne (28.2 percent) and Münster (25.6 percent) – in addition to Bonn with the highest shares – also have comparatively high shares for this indicator, which is important for the future in an innovative knowledge society.
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