On June 30, 2021, the Federal Employment Agency registered a new high of 183,450 employees subject to social security contributions in Bonn. Compared with June 2020, employment figures have increased significantly by plus 2.0 percent, or by 3,547 in absolute terms. Over the same period, employment in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia grew slightly less, by 1.8 percent. The Rhein-Sieg district surrounding Bonn recorded employment growth of 2.0 percent, just like the federal city. Compared to the year of the Bonn/Berlin relocation decision in 1991, when there were 134,199 employees subject to social security contributions, their number increased significantly by 49,251 (+36.7 percent) due to the long-term positive growth trend in Bonn.
According to the available estimates of the working group "Erwerbstätigenrechnung des Bundes und der Länder" (employment calculation of the federal and state governments), the number of employed persons at the place of work Bonn for 2020 is 254,400 (previous year: 254,900, minus 500). In addition to employees subject to social insurance contributions, the employment calculation also includes civil servants, self-employed persons, family workers and marginally employed persons.
Compared to 1991, the number of employed persons in Bonn increased by 66,100 or 35.1 percent, whereas in NRW as a whole, the number of employed persons increased by only 18.7 percent.
Growth in services
The number of employees subject to social security contributions in Bonn's service sector grew significantly between 2020 and 2021 with an increase of 3,654 employees or +2.2 percent. In mid-2021, 170,299 people will be employed in the service sector in Bonn; this corresponds to a share of 92.8 percent of all employees.
This makes Bonn, like Frankfurt/Main or Potsdam, one of the largest service locations in Germany. On average in NRW, a total of 73.7 percent of all employees worked in the tertiary sector in mid-2021. NRW's industrial sector accounted for approximately 25.8 percent of all employees. Compared to the previous year, the number of employees in the manufacturing sector in NRW decreased by -0.7 percent. In Bonn, manufacturing employment was down slightly by -0.9 percent (-115 in absolute terms). The share of the manufacturing sector is still 7.1 percent in Bonn in mid-2021.
Highly qualified employees
The Federal Employment Agency uses the characteristic "academic degree" to record the degrees "Bachelor, Diplom, Magister, Master, Staatsexamen, Promotion". As of June 30, 2021, the city of Bonn has 33.3 percent of all employees with an academic degree. That is 61,173 employees in absolute terms (previous year: 57,613), with more women (31,371 employees) than men (29,802 employees) now registered with an academic degree. The NRW average is 16.8 percent, the national average 18.1 percent and the Rhein-Sieg district 14.3 percent.
A regional comparison with the more than 400 German cities and districts shows that Bonn is in seventh place (previous year: seventh) and only Munich with 38.6 percent, Erlangen with 36.7 percent, Munich (district) with 35.2 percent, Jena with 35.2 percent, Darmstadt with 35.0 percent and Stuttgart with 34.5 percent can boast even higher figures.
From the perspective of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, the cities of Düsseldorf (28.4 percent), Cologne (27.4 percent) and Münster (24.8 percent) - in addition to Bonn with the highest shares - also have comparatively high shares for this indicator, which is important for the future in an innovative knowledge society.