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October 19, 2018

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400 years of Roman Rule


We do know all the more about the Romans who built their first fort at Bonn in 11 BC. The stones tell us about them, above all, their tombstones and their votive stones. We know thus the names of well over 200 soldiers of the Bonn legion, called Flavia Minervia. It was awarded the honorary epithet "pia fidelis”, the pious and faithful, because it did not get involved in a conspiracy against Emperor Domitianus. A settlement of craftspeople (‘canabae legionis’) is soon established in the neighbourhood of the steadily increasing military camp. The settlement extends mainly along today’s Adenauerallee to the northern end of the Rheinauenpark in the borough of Gronau. The matron cult, the worship of the so-called aufanic mother goddesses, thrives and bequeaths us the "matron stones”.

More traces of Roman settlement activities were recently found in the former Government District, among them both residential and commercial buildings, a temple compound and a representative edifice whose specific function has as yet remained unclear. The Romans abandon their garrison on the Rhine around 450 AD. Roman remains continue to be found in the northern part of Bonn and are meticulously mapped.

Last update: November 22, 2011



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